CBD 101

What is CBD?

CBD (Cannabidiol) is the second most common chemical compound found in cannabis plants. These plants come from either hemp or marijuana, depending on their level of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD is known for supporting your body and mind in various ways. It could relieve pain, help sleep disorders, reduce anxiety/depression, alleviate cancer-related symptoms, reduce acne, and more.

Although CBD and THC can seem like siblings, they are more like cousins. Both are cannabinoids, but they interact differently with the receptors in your body. Many of us are concerned if CBD will give us the “high” like feel that you get with THC. Any hemp-derived CBD product legally has to contain less than 0.3% THC, so this means CBD by itself will not give you the psychoactive effect (1). CBD and THC can provide relief for several conditions, but if the euphoric effects aren’t for you, then CBD could be.

Is CBD Legal?

With the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp farming on federal level became legal. This allows people to sale, transport, or possess hemp-derived products as long as the product contains less than 0.3% of THC (2). This means that if consumers are compliant with state laws, then you can grow and use hemp products. Each state will have their restrictions, so it’s best to check the law within your state.

What Is the Endocannabinoid System?

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) plays a massive role in the quality of our lives. It’s arguably one of the most critical systems to maintain homeostasis within the body (3). ECS is found in the brain, glands, connective tissue, immune system, and central nervous system.

CBD produces cannabinoids that work with humans and animal’s ECS to create effects in the body by binding to specific receptors. These receptors are known as CB1 and CB2, and the cannabinoids interact with your brain and body the same way your own system does (4). CB1 receptors are found in the liver, lungs, brain, kidney, bones, male and female reproductive organs, and heart.  CB2 receptors are mainly found in muscle, bone, liver, spleen, lungs.

There are three different ways to receive cannabinoids: Phytocannabinoids (natural plant cannabinoids), Endocannabinoids (the cannabinoids our body makes), and Synthetic Cannabinoids (created in a lab). If your body doesn’t produce enough cannabinoids, then you have to find another method of receiving it. You would do the same thing if you had a vitamin deficiency. It’s essential to understand the relationship between ECS and cannabinoids. This will help you recognize how they work to maintain homeostasis within your body.

 

Sources

(1) Reference

(2) Reference

(3) Reference

(4) Reference